🇨🇳👇👇👇🇬🇧Today I would like to tell you about the Decembrist uprising that took place in St. Petersburg (the capital of the tsarist Russia) on 14 (26) December 1825. Because these events occurred in December, the rebels were called the Decembrists (Dekabristy, Декабристы). The uprising was planned and organized by a group of dvoryane (Russian aristocracy) who wanted to change the tsarist political regime, to introduce Constitution in Russia, to introduce equality, democratic freedom, to abolish the krepostnoe pravo (Russian slavery), etc. The movement didn’t have enough support and military forces, so uprising lasted only one day and didn’t have any success. Nevertheless, it remained one of the major events in the Russian history.
The Decembrists were put on trial and convicted. Five leading Decembrists were hanged, others were exiled to Siberia and the Far East.
The most astonishing for me in the whole story is the heroic behavior of the wives of some Decembrists. Who nowadays would follow his/her husband/wife to spend the rest of life with him/her in a cold and hostage place lost somewhere in Siberia? But those women did! They themselves didn’t participate in the revolutionary movement but their devotion to their husbands was so huge that they renounced to all the commodities of their aristocratic life in St. Petersburg, and notwithstanding the parents’ prohibition and even curse, they followed their husbands to live a poor paysan life in a hostile cold Siberia being considered the criminals themselves since they decided to share their husbands’ destiny. That big was for those women the sense of duty towards their husbands.
11 wives followed their husbands as well as 7 other women: mothers, sisters, brides (you can see them on the slides). After the amnesty in 1856 only five of them returned to St. Petersburg, the others died in Siberia.